What is speech? Here are the basics.

Disorders of Speech:

Articulation Disorders

A student who has difficulty making certain speech sounds

Voice Disorder

A student who presents with a deviation in vocal pitch, intensity, or quality which interferes with communication or adversely affects the speaker.

Fluency Disorders

A student who has difficulty saying sounds, words, phrases in a smooth flow which adversely affects communication. This is commonly referred to as stuttering.

Disorders of Language:

These students may have difficulty understanding spoken language (receptive language) or expressing their ideas (expressive language), or both. Some children will have difficulty using language to interact effectively with other children and/or adults.

These children may have some of the following problems:

  • Difficulty following directions or giving directions
  • Difficulty with reading comprehension
  • Problems understanding questions: who, what, where, when, and how.
  • Difficulty understanding jokes, double meanings, and abstract concepts.
  • They may speak in simple sentences without many descriptors.
  • Grammar problems such as difficulty with pronouns (her/she), tense (goed/went, walk/walked), or plurals.
  • Limited vocabulary with frequent use of non-specific words “stuff, thing”.
  • Difficulty breaking language into its parts (identifying words in sentences or sounds in words)